Partial Purification and Some Interesting Properties of Glutathione Peroxidase from Liver of Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

Partial Purification and Some Interesting Properties of Glutathione Peroxidase from Liver of... Climate change and increasing temperatures are global concerns. Well adapted to desert life, the camel (Camelus dromedarius) lives most of its life under high environmental stress and represents an ideal model for studying desert adaptation among mammals. Glutathione peroxidase is the principal antioxidant defense system capable of protecting cells from oxidative stress. Glutathione Peroxidase from camel liver was purified (11.64-fold purification with 1.73% yield) and characterized The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be about 69 kDa by gel filtration and 34 kDa by SDS-PAGE, implying dimeric structure of the protein. An optimum temperature of 47°C and an optimum pH of 7.8 were found. This enzyme is a typical SH-enzyme that is inhibited by D,L-dithiothreitol and β-mercaptoethanol and sensitive to bivalent cations. The enzyme had common specificity toward hydroperoxides and high specificity for reduced glutathione. The K m and V max values for hydrogen peroxide and reduced glutathione were 0.57 and 2.10 mM and 1.11 and 0.87 U/mg, respectively. The purified enzyme contained 16 ng of selenium per mg of protein. Our results show that the camel glutathione peroxidse exhibits properties different of those reported for other mammalian species. Lower molecular weight, homodimeric structure, higher optimum temperature, relatively low optimum pH, high affinity for hydrogen peroxide at low concentration of reduced glutathione and very low content of selenium could be explained by adaptation of the camel to living in the desert under intense environmental stress. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry Springer Journals

Partial Purification and Some Interesting Properties of Glutathione Peroxidase from Liver of Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Bioorganic Chemistry; Organic Chemistry; Biomedicine, general
ISSN
1068-1620
eISSN
1608-330X
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1068162018010041
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Climate change and increasing temperatures are global concerns. Well adapted to desert life, the camel (Camelus dromedarius) lives most of its life under high environmental stress and represents an ideal model for studying desert adaptation among mammals. Glutathione peroxidase is the principal antioxidant defense system capable of protecting cells from oxidative stress. Glutathione Peroxidase from camel liver was purified (11.64-fold purification with 1.73% yield) and characterized The molecular weight of the enzyme was estimated to be about 69 kDa by gel filtration and 34 kDa by SDS-PAGE, implying dimeric structure of the protein. An optimum temperature of 47°C and an optimum pH of 7.8 were found. This enzyme is a typical SH-enzyme that is inhibited by D,L-dithiothreitol and β-mercaptoethanol and sensitive to bivalent cations. The enzyme had common specificity toward hydroperoxides and high specificity for reduced glutathione. The K m and V max values for hydrogen peroxide and reduced glutathione were 0.57 and 2.10 mM and 1.11 and 0.87 U/mg, respectively. The purified enzyme contained 16 ng of selenium per mg of protein. Our results show that the camel glutathione peroxidse exhibits properties different of those reported for other mammalian species. Lower molecular weight, homodimeric structure, higher optimum temperature, relatively low optimum pH, high affinity for hydrogen peroxide at low concentration of reduced glutathione and very low content of selenium could be explained by adaptation of the camel to living in the desert under intense environmental stress.

Journal

Russian Journal of Bioorganic ChemistrySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 14, 2018

References

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