Special search for frameshift mutations, which are suppressed by the cytoplasmic [PSI] factor and by omnipotent nonsense suppressors (recessive mutations in theSUP35and SUP45genes), partially inactivating a translation termination complex, was initiated in theLYS2gene in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae.Mutations were obtained after exposure to UV light and treatment with a mixture of 1,6- and 1,8-dinitropyrene (DNP). This mixture was shown to induce mutations of the frameshift type with a high frequency. The majority of these mutations were insertions of one A or T, which is in good agreement with the data obtained in studies of DNP-induced mutagenesis in other eukaryotes. Frameshift suppression was shown on the example of the mutation obtained in this work (lys2-90), which carried the insertion of an extra T in the sequence of five T. This frameshift suppression was first shown to occur in the presence of the [PSI] factor (i.e., due to the prionization of the translation release factor eRF3) and as a result of mutations in genes SUP35orSUP45, which partially inactivate translation termination factors eRF3 and eRF1, respectively. Alternative mechanisms of programmed translational frameshifting in the course of translation and the possibility of enhancing the effectiveness of such frameshifting in the presence of the [PSI] factor are considered.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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