Parenthood and Leaving Home in Young Adulthood
Frances K. Goldscheider
Sandra L. Hofferth
Sally C. Curtin
Received: 25 December 2012 / Accepted: 8 May 2014 / Published online: 5 July 2014
Ó Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014
Abstract With increases in nonmarital fertility, the sequencing of transitions in early
adulthood has become even more complex. Once the primary transition out of the
parental home, marriage was ﬁrst replaced by nonfamily living and cohabitation; more
recently, many young adults have become parents before entering a coresidential union.
Studies of leaving home, however, have not examined the role of early parenthood.
Using the Young Adult Study of the 1979 National Longitudinal Survey of Youth
(n = 4,674), we use logistic regression to analyze parenthood both as a correlate of
leaving home and as a route from the home. We ﬁnd that even in mid-adolescence,
becoming a parent is linked with leaving home. Coming from a more afﬂuent family is
linked with leaving home via routes that do not involve children rather than those that do,
and having a warm relationship with either a mother or a father retards leaving home,
particularly to nonfamily living, but is not related to parental routes out of the home.
Keywords Nestleaving Á Parent–child relationships Á Parenthood Á Transition to
With the rise in nonmarital fertility late in the twentieth century, the sequencing of
transitions in early adulthood has become increasingly complex (Liefbroer and
Sally C. Curtin—formerly afﬁliated at the University of Maryland.
F. K. Goldscheider (&)
Brown University, University of Maryland, 2737 Devonshire PL, NW, Washington, DC 20008,
S. L. Hofferth
Department of Family Science, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
S. C. Curtin
National Center for Health Statistics, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
Popul Res Policy Rev (2014) 33:771–796