Popul Res Policy Rev https://doi.org/10.1007/s11113-018-9470-8 ORI G INAL RESEARCH 1 2 Nevena Zhelyazkova Gilbert Ritschard Received: 7 November 2016 / Accepted: 17 May 2018 Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract The study uses administrative data from Luxembourg to investigate fathers’ decisions to use parental leave. We focus on two measures of opportunity cost: the difference between the parental leave beneﬁt and the salary of the father and the mean salary growth for a period of 6 months for each father. The ﬁrst measure captures the direct opportunity cost, while the second is a proxy for foregone promotion opportunities. We use Cox proportional hazards model for the analysis. The results suggest a negative relationship between foregone income and taking parental leave. Surprisingly, salary growth appears to be positively related to the hazard of taking parental leave. Coefﬁcients of control variables are in line with previous ﬁndings: fathers are more likely to use parental leave if they work in larger organization and for the ﬁrst child. Keywords Work–family reconciliation Parental leave Father and parental leave Introduction This paper analyses the factors related to male use of parental leave, a topic of growing importance in policy-making,
Population Research and Policy Review – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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