Psychiatric Quarterly [psaq] PH084-psaq-363104 June 21, 2002 13:48 Style ﬁle version Nov. 19th, 1999
Psychiatric Quarterly, Vol. 73, No. 3, Fall 2002 (
PARENTAL BONDING IN PATHOLOGICAL
Jon E. Grant, J.D., M.D., and Suck Won Kim, M.D.
The purpose of this study was to examine the role of perceived parenting be-
havior in the childhood of patients with pathological gambling disorder (PGD).
Thirty-three outpatient subjects with DSM-IV pathological gambling disorder,
and no other current Axis I disorders, completed the Parental Bonding Instru-
ment (PBI), which measures subjects’ recollections of parenting on dimensions
of care and protection. PBI scores of pathological gamblers were compared to
normal controls. Subjects with PGD had signiﬁcantly lower maternal and pater-
nal care scores than the control subjects (22.6 ± 8.9vs.26.9±7.3onmaternal
care [p = 0.010], and 17.4 ± 9.6vs.23.8±7.6 on paternal care [p = 0.001]).
In terms of parental bonding patterns based on a combination of care and
protection, the pathological gamblers reported low rates of optimal parenting
and high rates of neglectful parenting. These preliminary ﬁndings suggest
that neglectful parenting appears to be associated with pathological gambling
KEY WORDS: pathological gambling; Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI); neglectful
Department of Psychiatry, University of Minnesota School of Medicine, Minneapolis,
Address correspondence to Jon E. Grant, J.D., M.D., Department of Psychiatry,
University of Minnesota School of Medicine, 2450 Riverside Avenue, Minneapolis,
MN 55454-1495, USA; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2002 Human Sciences Press, Inc.