Paradigm shifts in genomics through the FANTOM projects

Paradigm shifts in genomics through the FANTOM projects Big leaps in science happen when scientists from different backgrounds interact. In the past 15 years, the FANTOM Consortium has brought together scientists from different fields to analyze and interpret genomic data produced with novel technologies, including mouse full-length cDNAs and, more recently, expression profiling at single-nucleotide resolution by cap-analysis gene expression. The FANTOM Consortium has provided the most comprehensive mouse cDNA collection for functional studies and extensive maps of the human and mouse transcriptome comprising promoters, enhancers, as well as the network of their regulatory interactions. More importantly, serendipitous observations of the FANTOM dataset led us to realize that the mammalian genome is pervasively transcribed, even from retrotransposon elements, which were previously considered junk DNA. The majority of products from the mammalian genome are long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), including sense-antisense, intergenic, and enhancer RNAs. While the biological function has been elucidated for some lncRNAs, more than 98 % of them remain without a known function. We argue that large-scale studies are urgently needed to address the functional role of lncRNAs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Paradigm shifts in genomics through the FANTOM projects

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by The Author(s)
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00335-015-9593-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Big leaps in science happen when scientists from different backgrounds interact. In the past 15 years, the FANTOM Consortium has brought together scientists from different fields to analyze and interpret genomic data produced with novel technologies, including mouse full-length cDNAs and, more recently, expression profiling at single-nucleotide resolution by cap-analysis gene expression. The FANTOM Consortium has provided the most comprehensive mouse cDNA collection for functional studies and extensive maps of the human and mouse transcriptome comprising promoters, enhancers, as well as the network of their regulatory interactions. More importantly, serendipitous observations of the FANTOM dataset led us to realize that the mammalian genome is pervasively transcribed, even from retrotransposon elements, which were previously considered junk DNA. The majority of products from the mammalian genome are long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), including sense-antisense, intergenic, and enhancer RNAs. While the biological function has been elucidated for some lncRNAs, more than 98 % of them remain without a known function. We argue that large-scale studies are urgently needed to address the functional role of lncRNAs.

Journal

Mammalian GenomeSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 8, 2015

References

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