Palmitic Acid Induces the Opening of a Ca2+-Dependent Pore in the Plasma Membrane of Red Blood Cells: The Possible Role of the Pore in Erythrocyte Lysis

Palmitic Acid Induces the Opening of a Ca2+-Dependent Pore in the Plasma Membrane of Red Blood... Earlier we found that in the presence of Ca2+ palmitic acid (Pal) increases the nonspecific permeability of artificial (planar and liposomal) membranes and causes permeabilization of the inner mitochondrial membrane. An assumption was made that the mechanism of Pal/Ca2+-induced membrane permeabilization relates to the Ca2+-induced phase separation of Pal and can be considered as formation of fast-tightening lipid pores due to chemotropic phase transition in the lipid bilayer. In this article, we continue studying this pore. We have found that Pal plus Ca2+ permeabilize the plasma membrane of red blood cells in a dose-dependent manner. The same picture has been revealed for stearic acid (20 μM) but not for myristic and linoleic acids. The Pal-induced permeabilization of erythrocytic membranes can also occur in the presence of Ba2+ and Mn2+ (200 μM), but other bivalent cations (200 μM Mg2+, Sr2+, Ni2+, Co2+) are relatively ineffective. The formation of Pal/Ca2+-induced pores in the erythrocytic membranes has been found to result in the destruction of cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Palmitic Acid Induces the Opening of a Ca2+-Dependent Pore in the Plasma Membrane of Red Blood Cells: The Possible Role of the Pore in Erythrocyte Lysis

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-010-9302-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Earlier we found that in the presence of Ca2+ palmitic acid (Pal) increases the nonspecific permeability of artificial (planar and liposomal) membranes and causes permeabilization of the inner mitochondrial membrane. An assumption was made that the mechanism of Pal/Ca2+-induced membrane permeabilization relates to the Ca2+-induced phase separation of Pal and can be considered as formation of fast-tightening lipid pores due to chemotropic phase transition in the lipid bilayer. In this article, we continue studying this pore. We have found that Pal plus Ca2+ permeabilize the plasma membrane of red blood cells in a dose-dependent manner. The same picture has been revealed for stearic acid (20 μM) but not for myristic and linoleic acids. The Pal-induced permeabilization of erythrocytic membranes can also occur in the presence of Ba2+ and Mn2+ (200 μM), but other bivalent cations (200 μM Mg2+, Sr2+, Ni2+, Co2+) are relatively ineffective. The formation of Pal/Ca2+-induced pores in the erythrocytic membranes has been found to result in the destruction of cells.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 11, 2010

References

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