Quantum correlations, including entanglement and discord with its geometric measure in a three-qubit Heisenberg XY chain, with phase decoherence, are investigated when a nonuniform magnetic field is applied. When the qubits are initially in an unentangled state, the nearest neighbor pairwise correlations are destroyed by phase decoherence, but stationary correlations appear for next-to-neighbor qubits. With an inhomogeneous magnetic field, the stationary correlations appear for nearest neighbor qubits and they disappear for next-to-nearest neighbor qubits. But when the qubits are initially in an entangled state, an inhomogeneous magnetic field can enhance the stationary correlations of next-to-neighbor qubits, but it cannot do so for nearest neighbor qubits. The decoherence effect on stationary correlations is much stronger for next-to-nearest neighbor qubits than it is for nearest neighbor qubits. Finally, a uniform magnetic field can affect the correlations when the qubits are initially in an entangled state, but it cannot affect them when the qubits are initially in an unentangled state.
Quantum Information Processing – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 2, 2012
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