Pairwise Multiple Comparisons under Violation of the Independence Assumption

Pairwise Multiple Comparisons under Violation of the Independence Assumption Several multiple comparison procedures (MCPs)were compared for their rates of Type I error and fortheir ability to detect true pairwise differencesamong means when independence of observationsassumption were not satisfied. Monte Carlo resultsshowed that, if independence is not met, none of theprocedures maintain controlled α at the chosennominal level, neither using error rate per comparisonor the error rate experimentwise. However, once thedependence of the data was corrected the Type I errorrate was maintained at the same level as when thecorrelation was zero in all the procedures, except forthe Fisher's (1935) least significant differenceprocedure (LSD) and Hayter's (1986) two-stagemodified LSD procedure (FH). At the sametime, conform the correlation increased by a smallamount the power rates also, specially, when the powerwas examined using per-pair power. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quality & Quantity Springer Journals

Pairwise Multiple Comparisons under Violation of the Independence Assumption

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Social Sciences; Methodology of the Social Sciences; Social Sciences, general
ISSN
0033-5177
eISSN
1573-7845
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1004860729744
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Several multiple comparison procedures (MCPs)were compared for their rates of Type I error and fortheir ability to detect true pairwise differencesamong means when independence of observationsassumption were not satisfied. Monte Carlo resultsshowed that, if independence is not met, none of theprocedures maintain controlled α at the chosennominal level, neither using error rate per comparisonor the error rate experimentwise. However, once thedependence of the data was corrected the Type I errorrate was maintained at the same level as when thecorrelation was zero in all the procedures, except forthe Fisher's (1935) least significant differenceprocedure (LSD) and Hayter's (1986) two-stagemodified LSD procedure (FH). At the sametime, conform the correlation increased by a smallamount the power rates also, specially, when the powerwas examined using per-pair power.

Journal

Quality & QuantitySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 3, 2004

References

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