Oxidative Effects of Gemfibrozil on Anion Influx and Metabolism in Normal and Beta-Thalassemic Erythrocytes: Physiological Implications

Oxidative Effects of Gemfibrozil on Anion Influx and Metabolism in Normal and Beta-Thalassemic... To further clarify some peculiar molecular mechanisms related to the physiology and pathophysiology of erythrocytes with respect to oxygen binding and release, metabolism and senescence, we investigated the oxidative effects of gemfibrozil in normal and beta-thalassemic red blood cells. Our results showed that the oxidative stress promoted by the drug, through a direct interaction with hemoglobin, may lead to activation of caspase 3, which in turn influences the band 3 anion flux and glucose metabolism. In a comparative context, we also evaluated the effect on band 3 and caspase 3 activation of orthovanadate (a phosphatase inhibitor) and t-butylhydroperoxide (a known oxidant). The results support the hypothesis that gemfibrozil influences band 3 function through several mechanisms of action, centered on oxidative stress, which induces significant alterations of glucose metabolism. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Oxidative Effects of Gemfibrozil on Anion Influx and Metabolism in Normal and Beta-Thalassemic Erythrocytes: Physiological Implications

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-008-9122-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To further clarify some peculiar molecular mechanisms related to the physiology and pathophysiology of erythrocytes with respect to oxygen binding and release, metabolism and senescence, we investigated the oxidative effects of gemfibrozil in normal and beta-thalassemic red blood cells. Our results showed that the oxidative stress promoted by the drug, through a direct interaction with hemoglobin, may lead to activation of caspase 3, which in turn influences the band 3 anion flux and glucose metabolism. In a comparative context, we also evaluated the effect on band 3 and caspase 3 activation of orthovanadate (a phosphatase inhibitor) and t-butylhydroperoxide (a known oxidant). The results support the hypothesis that gemfibrozil influences band 3 function through several mechanisms of action, centered on oxidative stress, which induces significant alterations of glucose metabolism.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 29, 2008

References

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