Oxidative Activation of K-Cl Cotransport by Diamide in Erythrocytes from Humans with Red Cell Disorders, and from Several Other Mammalian Species

Oxidative Activation of K-Cl Cotransport by Diamide in Erythrocytes from Humans with Red Cell... Red blood cells (RBCs) from different mammalian species were investigated for the presence of diamide-induced oxidative activation of K-Cl cotransport reported to be present in sheep but absent in human RBCs. K efflux was measured in RBCs from human with hemoglobin (Hb) A or S, glucose-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH) and a cytoskeletal deficiency, and from rat, mouse and rabbit. RBCs were incubated with diamide (0–1.0 mm) in K-free Cl or NO3 media of variable osmolalities (200–450 mOsM). Cl-dependent K efflux or K-Cl cotransport (estimated as the difference between K efflux rate constants in Cl and NO3) was activated by diamide in a sigmoidal fashion. Relative maximum K-Cl cotransport followed the sequence: human HbA (1) < rabbit (1.8) < sheep (6.9) < human HbS (9.5) ∼ rat (9.7). Relative diamide concentrations for half maximal activation of K-Cl cotransport followed the sequence: sheep (1.9) > human Hb A (1) > rabbit (0.75) > human HbS and rat (0.67). Cell swelling in 200 mOsM doubled K-Cl cotransport in diamide, both in human HbA and S cells but reduced that in rat RBCs. In contrast, cell shrinkage at 450 mOsM obliterated K-Cl cotransport in human HbA and S but not in rat RBCs. Human RBCs with G6PDH and a cytoskeleton deficiency behaved like HbA RBCs. In mouse RBCs, diamide-activated K-Cl cotransport was 30% higher in isotonic than in hypotonic medium. In human HbA and S, and in low or high K sheep RBCs fractionated by Percoll density gradient, diamide increased the activity of K-Cl cotransport, an effect inversely correlated with cell density. Analysis of pooled data reveals that K-Cl cotransport accounted for about 80% of all K flux in Cl. There was a statistically significant correlation between K-Cl cotransport and K efflux in Cl (P < 0.00001) and in NO3 (P < 0.00001). In conclusion, a diamide-activated K-Cl cotransport was present in human RBCs and in all other mammalian RBCs tested, with a large inter-, and for human and sheep, intraspecies variability for its maximum activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Oxidative Activation of K-Cl Cotransport by Diamide in Erythrocytes from Humans with Red Cell Disorders, and from Several Other Mammalian Species

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/oxidative-activation-of-k-cl-cotransport-by-diamide-in-erythrocytes-kq3ALwHDt6
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1997 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900173
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial