Muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) has high metastatic potential at diagnosis but is still often curable with aggressive management, which may give patients the best odds for a favorable clinical outcome. The standard-of-care management of MIBC includes a radical cystectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection. If the patient is cisplatin-eligible, neoadjuvant cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy should also be given. Post-surgery adjuvant treatments include observation, chemotherapy, radiation, or enrollment in a clinical trial. Several adjuvant immunotherapy trials with checkpoint inhibitors, which block the interaction between PD-1 and PD-L1, as monotherapy or in combinations with chemotherapy, radiation, or other immunotherapy agents are currently ongoing. Given the lack of level 1 evidence for the survival benefit of adjuvant therapies post-cystectomy, the standard of care remains observation with radiologic and clinical surveillance. However, in patients who did not receive neoadjuvant cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy and are cisplatin-eligible, adjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy should be considered and discussed. Genomic alterations and gene expression profiles may eventually help to identify patient subgroups for more effective adjuvant therapy. Genetic abnormalities in the DNA repair genes and basal intrinsic tumor subtype appear to predict response to neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy in MIBC. In the coming years, validating these genetic markers will be key to individualizing perioperative chemotherapy.
Current Treatment Options in Oncology – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera