Overexpression, Purification and Functional Characterisation of Wild-Type HIV-1 Subtype C Protease and Two Variants Using a Thioredoxin and His-Tag Protein Fusion System

Overexpression, Purification and Functional Characterisation of Wild-Type HIV-1 Subtype C... In recent years, various strategies have been used to overexpress and purify HIV-1 protease because it is an essential drug target in anti-retroviral therapy. Obtaining sufficient quantities of the enzyme, however, remains challenging. Overexpression of large quantities is prevented due to the enzyme’s autolytic nature and its inherent cytotoxicity in Escherichia coli cells. Here, we describe a novel HIV-1 protease purification method using a thioredoxin–hexahistidine fusion system for the wild-type and two variant proteases. The fusion proteases were overexpressed in E. coli and recovered by immobilised metal ion affinity chromatography. The proteases were cleaved from the fusion constructs using thrombin. When compared to the standard overexpression and purification protocol in use in our laboratory, the expression of the fusion-derived wild-type protease was increased from 0.83 to 2.5 mg/l of culture medium. The expression levels of the two variant proteases ranged from 1.5 to 2 mg/l of culture medium. The fusion wild-type and variant proteases were inactive before the cleavage of the thioredoxin–hexahistidine fusion tag as no enzymatic activity was observed. The proteases were, however, active after cleavage of the tag. The novel thioredoxin–hexahistidine fusion system, therefore, enables the successful overexpression and purification of catalytically active HIV-1 proteases. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Protein Journal Springer Journals

Overexpression, Purification and Functional Characterisation of Wild-Type HIV-1 Subtype C Protease and Two Variants Using a Thioredoxin and His-Tag Protein Fusion System

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Chemistry; Bioorganic Chemistry; Biochemistry, general; Organic Chemistry; Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology
ISSN
1572-3887
eISSN
1573-4943
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10930-018-9779-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In recent years, various strategies have been used to overexpress and purify HIV-1 protease because it is an essential drug target in anti-retroviral therapy. Obtaining sufficient quantities of the enzyme, however, remains challenging. Overexpression of large quantities is prevented due to the enzyme’s autolytic nature and its inherent cytotoxicity in Escherichia coli cells. Here, we describe a novel HIV-1 protease purification method using a thioredoxin–hexahistidine fusion system for the wild-type and two variant proteases. The fusion proteases were overexpressed in E. coli and recovered by immobilised metal ion affinity chromatography. The proteases were cleaved from the fusion constructs using thrombin. When compared to the standard overexpression and purification protocol in use in our laboratory, the expression of the fusion-derived wild-type protease was increased from 0.83 to 2.5 mg/l of culture medium. The expression levels of the two variant proteases ranged from 1.5 to 2 mg/l of culture medium. The fusion wild-type and variant proteases were inactive before the cleavage of the thioredoxin–hexahistidine fusion tag as no enzymatic activity was observed. The proteases were, however, active after cleavage of the tag. The novel thioredoxin–hexahistidine fusion system, therefore, enables the successful overexpression and purification of catalytically active HIV-1 proteases.

Journal

The Protein JournalSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2018

References

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