Overexpression of cellular dihydrofolate reductase abolishes the anticytomegaloviral activity of methotrexate

Overexpression of cellular dihydrofolate reductase abolishes the anticytomegaloviral activity of... Cytomegalovirus (CMV) stimulates numerous cellular pathways upon infection. One of these pathways involves activation of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), an essential enzyme in the biosynthesis of purines and thymidylate. Here we report that methotrexate (MTX), an inhibitor of DHFR, suppresses murine CMV replication at the level of DNA synthesis in quiescent NIH 3T3 cells. However, MTX has no antiviral activity in NIH 3T3 sublines resistant to MTX due to DHFR overexpression. These results directly link MTX antiviral activity to DHFR and demonstrate that DHFR plays an essential role for CMV replication in quiescent cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Overexpression of cellular dihydrofolate reductase abolishes the anticytomegaloviral activity of methotrexate

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Wien by 1999 Springer-Verlag/
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050050595
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) stimulates numerous cellular pathways upon infection. One of these pathways involves activation of dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR), an essential enzyme in the biosynthesis of purines and thymidylate. Here we report that methotrexate (MTX), an inhibitor of DHFR, suppresses murine CMV replication at the level of DNA synthesis in quiescent NIH 3T3 cells. However, MTX has no antiviral activity in NIH 3T3 sublines resistant to MTX due to DHFR overexpression. These results directly link MTX antiviral activity to DHFR and demonstrate that DHFR plays an essential role for CMV replication in quiescent cells.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 1, 1999

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