Overexpression of a cytoplasm-localized allene oxide synthase promotes the wound-induced accumulation of jasmonic acid in transgenic tobacco

Overexpression of a cytoplasm-localized allene oxide synthase promotes the wound-induced... Jasmonic acid (JA) is involved in regulating the expression of certain plant defense genes and response to various stresses. JA biosynthesis is hypothesized to occur both in chloroplasts and the cytoplasm. In order to test whether or not a cytosol-localized allene oxide synthase (AOS) can promote JA biosynthesis, transgenic tobacco plants containing a flax AOS cDNA without a chloroplast transit sequence under the control of a tetracycline-inducible promoter were generated. Induction of the flax AOS gene in transgenic plants with chlor-tetracycline (Tc) led to the expression of the flax AOS mRNA and protein, which resulted in high level of metabolism of 13(S)-hydroperoxyoctadecatrienoic acid (13(S)-HPOT) and formation of 12-oxo-phytodienoic acid (12-O-PDA). Subcellular fractionation demonstrated that the flax AOS protein and activity were associated with the cytosol. Overexpression of the flax AOS in induced transgenic plants did not increase JA levels in healthy, undamaged leaf tissues. However, in wounded tissues overexpressing a flax AOS, levels of JA and the transcript of a pathogenesis-related gene (PR-1) dramatically increased when compared to those not expressing the flax AOS. Analysis of the release of wound-induced C6 volatiles showed that the level of (Z)-3-hexen-1-ol decreased about 30% due to overexpression of the cytoplasm-localized AOS, while (Z)-3-hexenal and (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate appeared not to be significantly altered. The data indicate that cytoplasmic AOS responds to wounding by increasing the levels of the wound-induced JA which in turn directly or indirectly enhances the expression of plant defense genes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Overexpression of a cytoplasm-localized allene oxide synthase promotes the wound-induced accumulation of jasmonic acid in transgenic tobacco

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 1999 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial