Introduction Duodenal neuroendocrine tumours (dNETs) comprise about 2% of all the NETs. Treatment of dNETs involves resection of the tumour either by endoscopic or surgical resection. Surgical or endoscopic local resection of the lesion is usually a more conservative and less morbid option compared with a more radical pancreaticoduodenectomy. However, inadequate clearance by local resection might result in recurrent disease with reduced overall survival. Methods The current systematic review compared the differences in outcomes of endoscopic resection (ER), local resection (LR) and pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) in the management of dNETs. Searches were performed on MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase and Cochrane databases using MeSH keyword combinations: ‘duodenal’,AND, ‘neuroendocrine tumours’. All relevant articles published up to 2016 were included. Post-operative morbidity, R0 resection status and recurrence rates were the outcomes assessed. Results Eight non-randomised retrospective studies with 335 participants were included (LR = 122; PD = 118; ER = 64). While PD was associated with higher morbidity compared with LR (27/64 vs. 10/74; P = 0.002), PD was associated with a higher incidence of an R0 resection (3/97 vs. 15/97; P = 0.007) as well as lower recurrence rates (3/51 vs. 6/46; P =0.21). ER was associated with a higher positive resection margin
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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