Background Tumors within the pineal region represent 1.5 to 8.5% of the pediatric brain tumors and 1.2% of all brain tumors. A management algorithm has been proposed in several publications. The algorithm includes endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) and biopsy in cases presenting with hydrocephalus. In this series, we are presenting the efficacy of a single-trajectory approach for both ETV and biopsy. Methods Eleven cases were admitted to Alexandria main university hospital from 2013 to 2016 presenting with pineal region tumors and hydrocephalus. Mean age at diagnosis was 11 years (1–27 years). All cases had ETV and biopsy using rigid ventriculoscope through a single trajectory from a burr hole planned on preoperative imaging. Follow-up period was 7– 48 months. Results All 11 cases presented with hydrocephalus and increased intracranial pressure manifestations. Histopathological diag- nosis was successful in 9 out of 11 cases (81.8%). Three cases were germ-cell tumors, two cases were pineoblastomas, two cases were pilocytic astrocytomas, and two cases were grade 2 tectal gliomas. Five of the ETV cases (45.5%) failed and required VPS later on. Other complications of ETV included one case of intraventricular hemorrhage and a case with tumor disseminated to the basal cisterns. Conclusion In our
Child's Nervous System – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2018
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