Outbreaks of Legionnaires’ Disease and Pontiac Fever 2006–2017

Outbreaks of Legionnaires’ Disease and Pontiac Fever 2006–2017 Purpose of Review The global importance of Legionnaires’ disease (LD) and Pontiac fever (PF) has grown in recent years. While sporadic cases of LD and PF do not always provide contextual information for evaluating causes and drivers of Legionella risks, analysis of outbreaks provides an opportunity to assess these factors. Recent Findings A review was performed and provides a summary of LD and PF outbreaks between 2006 and 2017. Of the 136 outbreaks, 115 were LD outbreaks, 4 were PF outbreaks, and 17 were mixed outbreaks of LD and PF. Cooling towers were implicated or suspected in the a large portion of LD or PF outbreaks (30% total outbreaks, 50% confirmed outbreak-associated cases, and 60% outbreak-associated deaths) over this period of time, while building water systems and pools/spas were also important contributors. Summary Potable water/building water system outbreaks seldom identify specific building water system or fixture deficiencies. The outbreak data summarized here provides information for prioritizing and targeting risk analysis and mitigation strategies. . . . . . . Keywords Legionnaires’ disease Legionellosis Pontiac fever Outbreak Cooling tower Water Buildings Introduction sparse. Infections are typically of concern for the elderly and those with underlying health conditions [3]. Legionnaires’ disease http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Environmental Health Reports Springer Journals

Outbreaks of Legionnaires’ Disease and Pontiac Fever 2006–2017

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Medicine/Public Health, general; Environmental Health
eISSN
2196-5412
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40572-018-0201-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review The global importance of Legionnaires’ disease (LD) and Pontiac fever (PF) has grown in recent years. While sporadic cases of LD and PF do not always provide contextual information for evaluating causes and drivers of Legionella risks, analysis of outbreaks provides an opportunity to assess these factors. Recent Findings A review was performed and provides a summary of LD and PF outbreaks between 2006 and 2017. Of the 136 outbreaks, 115 were LD outbreaks, 4 were PF outbreaks, and 17 were mixed outbreaks of LD and PF. Cooling towers were implicated or suspected in the a large portion of LD or PF outbreaks (30% total outbreaks, 50% confirmed outbreak-associated cases, and 60% outbreak-associated deaths) over this period of time, while building water systems and pools/spas were also important contributors. Summary Potable water/building water system outbreaks seldom identify specific building water system or fixture deficiencies. The outbreak data summarized here provides information for prioritizing and targeting risk analysis and mitigation strategies. . . . . . . Keywords Legionnaires’ disease Legionellosis Pontiac fever Outbreak Cooling tower Water Buildings Introduction sparse. Infections are typically of concern for the elderly and those with underlying health conditions [3]. Legionnaires’ disease

Journal

Current Environmental Health ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: May 9, 2018

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