Orthorexia nervosa in a sample of Portuguese fitness participants

Orthorexia nervosa in a sample of Portuguese fitness participants Purpose Orthorexia Nervosa (ON) is described as an obsessive behaviour motivated by great concern for following a healthy diet. Although it was first described in 1997, ON remains inconspicuous and poorly characterized in the literature. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of ON in a sample of ambulatory individuals and to investigate their common characteristics, attempting to better characterize this entity. Methods A non-random sample of 193 adult gym members answered a questionnaire based on a Portuguese version of ORTO-15, supplemented with additional questions. Possible associations between the different variables and pathological scores on ORTO-15 were analysed using logistic regression models. Results ON behaviour was documented in 51.8% of the sample, mean age 30.96 years (± 1.03 years), and this condition tended to be correlated with younger ages. Physical appearance and frequent exercising were also associated with ON, while no correlation between orthorexic tendencies and both gender and educational e fi ld was found. Furthermore, consumption of special food, dissatisfaction with physical appearance and frequent exercising could predict the presence of ON in the sample. Conclusions Despite the use of a convenience sample, results place us in a different perspective, considering the idea that orthorexic individuals are http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity Springer Journals

Orthorexia nervosa in a sample of Portuguese fitness participants

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Psychiatry
ISSN
1124-4909
eISSN
1590-1262
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40519-018-0517-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose Orthorexia Nervosa (ON) is described as an obsessive behaviour motivated by great concern for following a healthy diet. Although it was first described in 1997, ON remains inconspicuous and poorly characterized in the literature. The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of ON in a sample of ambulatory individuals and to investigate their common characteristics, attempting to better characterize this entity. Methods A non-random sample of 193 adult gym members answered a questionnaire based on a Portuguese version of ORTO-15, supplemented with additional questions. Possible associations between the different variables and pathological scores on ORTO-15 were analysed using logistic regression models. Results ON behaviour was documented in 51.8% of the sample, mean age 30.96 years (± 1.03 years), and this condition tended to be correlated with younger ages. Physical appearance and frequent exercising were also associated with ON, while no correlation between orthorexic tendencies and both gender and educational e fi ld was found. Furthermore, consumption of special food, dissatisfaction with physical appearance and frequent exercising could predict the presence of ON in the sample. Conclusions Despite the use of a convenience sample, results place us in a different perspective, considering the idea that orthorexic individuals are

Journal

Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and ObesitySpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2018

References

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