Orthologs of the vaccinia A13L and A36R virion membrane protein genes display diversity in species of the genus Orthopoxvirus

Orthologs of the vaccinia A13L and A36R virion membrane protein genes display diversity in... Alignment of vaccinia and variola virus genomes has highlighted some targets that display diversity. We have investigated the sequence diversity of two viral membrane protein genes from 36 different orthopoxvirus (OPV) strains to evaluate the suitability of these loci to differentiate between OPV species. Orthologs of the vaccinia virus Copenhagen A13L gene were all predicted to have functional genes that ranged between 201–213 bps in length. Whereas the N- and C-termini of each protein were relatively well conserved within the genus, a central proline-rich domain displayed characteristic species-specific amino acid motifs. Orthologs of the A36R gene displayed considerable sequence variation between species and strains. The majority of variation was localised to the last 100 bps of the gene. Multiple-alignment of these sequences identified the presence of gaps, insertions or frame-shift mutations among the samples examined. Nearly all strains of cowpox virus contained different nucleotide sequences at this locus. Phylogenetic analysis of the aligned sequences showed that variola and camelpox viruses shared a common ancestry with cowpox virus, whereas ectromelia viruses were divergent from all the other OPVs examined. Phylogeny generated with A13L sequences distributed the OPV species in a manner that correlated to their known properties. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Orthologs of the vaccinia A13L and A36R virion membrane protein genes display diversity in species of the genus Orthopoxvirus

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/orthologs-of-the-vaccinia-a13l-and-a36r-virion-membrane-protein-genes-eT50PKLXqk
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-001-0777-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Alignment of vaccinia and variola virus genomes has highlighted some targets that display diversity. We have investigated the sequence diversity of two viral membrane protein genes from 36 different orthopoxvirus (OPV) strains to evaluate the suitability of these loci to differentiate between OPV species. Orthologs of the vaccinia virus Copenhagen A13L gene were all predicted to have functional genes that ranged between 201–213 bps in length. Whereas the N- and C-termini of each protein were relatively well conserved within the genus, a central proline-rich domain displayed characteristic species-specific amino acid motifs. Orthologs of the A36R gene displayed considerable sequence variation between species and strains. The majority of variation was localised to the last 100 bps of the gene. Multiple-alignment of these sequences identified the presence of gaps, insertions or frame-shift mutations among the samples examined. Nearly all strains of cowpox virus contained different nucleotide sequences at this locus. Phylogenetic analysis of the aligned sequences showed that variola and camelpox viruses shared a common ancestry with cowpox virus, whereas ectromelia viruses were divergent from all the other OPVs examined. Phylogeny generated with A13L sequences distributed the OPV species in a manner that correlated to their known properties.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: May 1, 2002

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off