Orthologs of the vaccinia A13L and A36R virion membrane protein genes display diversity in species of the genus Orthopoxvirus

Orthologs of the vaccinia A13L and A36R virion membrane protein genes display diversity in... Alignment of vaccinia and variola virus genomes has highlighted some targets that display diversity. We have investigated the sequence diversity of two viral membrane protein genes from 36 different orthopoxvirus (OPV) strains to evaluate the suitability of these loci to differentiate between OPV species. Orthologs of the vaccinia virus Copenhagen A13L gene were all predicted to have functional genes that ranged between 201–213 bps in length. Whereas the N- and C-termini of each protein were relatively well conserved within the genus, a central proline-rich domain displayed characteristic species-specific amino acid motifs. Orthologs of the A36R gene displayed considerable sequence variation between species and strains. The majority of variation was localised to the last 100 bps of the gene. Multiple-alignment of these sequences identified the presence of gaps, insertions or frame-shift mutations among the samples examined. Nearly all strains of cowpox virus contained different nucleotide sequences at this locus. Phylogenetic analysis of the aligned sequences showed that variola and camelpox viruses shared a common ancestry with cowpox virus, whereas ectromelia viruses were divergent from all the other OPVs examined. Phylogeny generated with A13L sequences distributed the OPV species in a manner that correlated to their known properties. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Orthologs of the vaccinia A13L and A36R virion membrane protein genes display diversity in species of the genus Orthopoxvirus

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/orthologs-of-the-vaccinia-a13l-and-a36r-virion-membrane-protein-genes-eT50PKLXqk
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-001-0777-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Alignment of vaccinia and variola virus genomes has highlighted some targets that display diversity. We have investigated the sequence diversity of two viral membrane protein genes from 36 different orthopoxvirus (OPV) strains to evaluate the suitability of these loci to differentiate between OPV species. Orthologs of the vaccinia virus Copenhagen A13L gene were all predicted to have functional genes that ranged between 201–213 bps in length. Whereas the N- and C-termini of each protein were relatively well conserved within the genus, a central proline-rich domain displayed characteristic species-specific amino acid motifs. Orthologs of the A36R gene displayed considerable sequence variation between species and strains. The majority of variation was localised to the last 100 bps of the gene. Multiple-alignment of these sequences identified the presence of gaps, insertions or frame-shift mutations among the samples examined. Nearly all strains of cowpox virus contained different nucleotide sequences at this locus. Phylogenetic analysis of the aligned sequences showed that variola and camelpox viruses shared a common ancestry with cowpox virus, whereas ectromelia viruses were divergent from all the other OPVs examined. Phylogeny generated with A13L sequences distributed the OPV species in a manner that correlated to their known properties.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: May 1, 2002

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off