Origin of Chordata and the “Upside-Down Theory”

Origin of Chordata and the “Upside-Down Theory” The hypothesis of dorso-ventral axis inversion in Chordata based on recent molecular biology data is discussed from the viewpoint of evolutionary morphology. It is supposed that, as a result of such an inversion, the nerve cord located ventrally in most Invertebrata found itself on the dorsal side of Chordata. However, an analysis of the contemporary hypotheses explaining chordate origin (dipleuruloid and hemichordate) shows that neither of them provides convincing evidence of dorso-ventral inversion. A new hypothesis agreeing with both the molecular and morphological data is suggested. According to this hypothesis, the divergence of Protostomia and Deuterostomia occurred early in the origin of Bilateria. The initial stage (for a common ancestor) is assumed to be some turbellarians, in which several nerve cords extend back from the apical organ in a radial-symmetrical pattern. In the process of subsequent oligomerization, the ventral nerve cords become more developed in Protostomia, while in Deuterostomia the dorsal nerve cords have priority. It is emphasized that reaching an understanding between molecular biologists and evolutionary morphologists is a necessity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Origin of Chordata and the “Upside-Down Theory”

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/origin-of-chordata-and-the-upside-down-theory-2qNRrS8s15
Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by MAIK Nauka
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1063074008060072
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The hypothesis of dorso-ventral axis inversion in Chordata based on recent molecular biology data is discussed from the viewpoint of evolutionary morphology. It is supposed that, as a result of such an inversion, the nerve cord located ventrally in most Invertebrata found itself on the dorsal side of Chordata. However, an analysis of the contemporary hypotheses explaining chordate origin (dipleuruloid and hemichordate) shows that neither of them provides convincing evidence of dorso-ventral inversion. A new hypothesis agreeing with both the molecular and morphological data is suggested. According to this hypothesis, the divergence of Protostomia and Deuterostomia occurred early in the origin of Bilateria. The initial stage (for a common ancestor) is assumed to be some turbellarians, in which several nerve cords extend back from the apical organ in a radial-symmetrical pattern. In the process of subsequent oligomerization, the ventral nerve cords become more developed in Protostomia, while in Deuterostomia the dorsal nerve cords have priority. It is emphasized that reaching an understanding between molecular biologists and evolutionary morphologists is a necessity.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jan 25, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off