This review covers over ninety platinum complexes with PtPX2Y and PtPXYZ inner coordination spheres, in which the P-donor ligands are organomonophosphines. These complexes crystallize in four crystal systems: tetragonal (×3), orthorhombic (×17), triclinic (×20) and monoclinic (×56). Complexes with the PtPX2Y chromophore exist in cis- as well as trans-configurations; however, the latter prevails. There are four types of ligands which create such chromophores: monodentate (H, OL, NL, CO, BL, Cl, SL, Br, SeL and I); homobidentate (O2L, N2L, S2L, Se2L and As2L); heterobidentate (O/N, O/S, N/S, N/Se and N/Te); and heterotridentate (O/O/N, N/N/S, N/N/Se, O/S/S, Se/N/Se and O/N/S). The chelating ligands create four-, five- and six-membered metallocycles, and the effects of both steric and electronic factors can be seen from the values of the L–Pt–L bite angles. The structural parameters are analyzed and discussed, with particular attention to trans-effects. Three types of isomerism are identified, namely cis–trans, distortion and ligands.
Transition Metal Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: May 28, 2017
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