Free-viewpoint video (FVV) is a promising approach that allows users to control their viewpoint and generate virtual views from any desired perspective. The individual user viewpoints are synthesized from two or more camera streams and correspondent depth sequences. In case of continuous viewpoint changes, the camera inputs of the view-synthesis process must be changed in a seamless way, to avoid the starvation of the viewpoint synthesizer algorithm. Starvation occurs when the desired user viewpoint cannot be synthesized with the currently streamed camera views, and thus, the FVV playout interrupts. In this paper, we propose three different camera handover schemes (TCC, MA, and SA) based on viewpoint prediction to minimize the probability of playout stalls and find the trade-off between the image quality and the camera handover frequency. Our simulation results show that the introduced camera switching methods can reduce the handover frequency with more than 40%, and hence, the viewpoint synthesis starvation and the playout interruption can be minimized. By providing seamless viewpoint changes, the quality of experience can be significantly improved, making the new FVV service more attractive in the future.
Multimedia Systems – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 16, 2017
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