Optimization of Prochlorothrix hollandica cyanobacteria culturing for obtaining myristoleic acid

Optimization of Prochlorothrix hollandica cyanobacteria culturing for obtaining myristoleic acid Plankton filament cyanobacteria Prochlorothrix hollandica is characterized by a very high content of C14 and C16 fatty acids (FA) in the lipid membranes. Depending on culturing conditions of the cyanobacteria, total concentrations of myristic and myristoleic acids can reach 35% and those of palmitic and palmitoleic acids can reach 60% of all esterified FA cells. In P. hollandica, a variety of monounsaturated FA is represented by myristoleic and palmitic acids, and by hexadecenoic (C16:1) acid with olefin bond of cis-configuration, located in the Δ4 position. The process of intensive culturing for P. hollandica cells to yield a maximal biomass in order to isolate the pure drug of myristoleic acid derivative has been optimized. The use of a threestage purification gives 30 mg of chromatographically pure myristoleic acid methyl ester from 17 g of P. hollandica raw biomass (dry mass is 3 g), which is 1% of dry cell mass. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Optimization of Prochlorothrix hollandica cyanobacteria culturing for obtaining myristoleic acid

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443716040087
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Plankton filament cyanobacteria Prochlorothrix hollandica is characterized by a very high content of C14 and C16 fatty acids (FA) in the lipid membranes. Depending on culturing conditions of the cyanobacteria, total concentrations of myristic and myristoleic acids can reach 35% and those of palmitic and palmitoleic acids can reach 60% of all esterified FA cells. In P. hollandica, a variety of monounsaturated FA is represented by myristoleic and palmitic acids, and by hexadecenoic (C16:1) acid with olefin bond of cis-configuration, located in the Δ4 position. The process of intensive culturing for P. hollandica cells to yield a maximal biomass in order to isolate the pure drug of myristoleic acid derivative has been optimized. The use of a threestage purification gives 30 mg of chromatographically pure myristoleic acid methyl ester from 17 g of P. hollandica raw biomass (dry mass is 3 g), which is 1% of dry cell mass.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 24, 2016

References

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