Optimization of Periodic Composite Structures for Sub-Wavelength Focusing

Optimization of Periodic Composite Structures for Sub-Wavelength Focusing Recently, there has been plenty of work in designing and fabricating materials with an effective negative refractive index. Veselago realized that a slab of material with a refractive index of −1 would act as a lens. Pendry suggested that the Veselago lens would act as a superlens , providing a perfect image of an object in contrast to conventional lenses which are only able to focus a point source to an image having a diameter of the order of the wavelength of the incident field. Recent work has shown that similar focusing effects can be obtained with certain slabs of “conventional” periodic composite materials: photonic crystals. The present work seeks to answer the question of what periodic dielectric composite medium (described by dielectric coefficient with positive real part) gives an optimal image of a point source. An optimization problem is formulated and it is shown that a solution exists provided the medium has small absorption. Solutions are characterized by an adjoint-state gradient condition, and several numerical examples illustrate both the plausibility of this design approach, and the possibility of obtaining smaller image spot sizes than with typical photonic crystals. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Mathematics and Optimization Springer Journals

Optimization of Periodic Composite Structures for Sub-Wavelength Focusing

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Copyright © 2009 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Mathematics; Numerical and Computational Methods ; Mathematical Methods in Physics; Mathematical and Computational Physics; Systems Theory, Control; Calculus of Variations and Optimal Control; Optimization
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