In this study, adsorption capacity of textile red dye on alkylated kaolin was investigated through batch mode. Accordingly, raw kaolin was alkylated via NaOH treatment. The work was carried out in two steps. At first step, the effect of various alkylation conditions of kaolin on its dye adsorption performance was studied using the model equation designed by 2-level factorial design. Three factors were changed in two level including NaOH solution temperature (45–75°C), mixing time (3–24 h), and NaOH solution concentration (0.1–2 M). The resultant model showed 91% of the variability in data used to fit dye adsorption capacity values. However, the analysis of variance revealed that the fitted model is high significant. Based on the predicting model, the optimal alkylation conditions with desirability factor of 0.911 were obtained at temperature of 75°C, NaOH concentration of 0.1 M and after 24 h mixing. At step two, chemical content, bonds and functional groups of the treated kaolin, which was prepared based on the optimum condition and compared with the raw kaolin via X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis and Fourier transform infrared analysis (FTIR). The results show slight reduction in SiO2 content. Finally, the adsorption capacity of dye on both treated and raw kaolin was investigated.
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2017
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