Optimised computer vision system for automatic pre-grading of citrus fruit in the field using a mobile platform

Optimised computer vision system for automatic pre-grading of citrus fruit in the field using a... The mechanisation and automation of citrus harvesting is considered to be one of the best options to reduce production costs. Computer vision technology has been shown to be a useful tool for fresh fruit and vegetable inspection, and is currently used in post-harvest fruit and vegetable automated grading systems in packing houses. Although computer vision technology has been used in some harvesting robots, it is not commonly utilised in fruit grading during harvesting due to the difficulties involved in adapting it to field conditions. Carrying out fruit inspection before arrival at the packing lines could offer many advantages, such as having an accurate fruit assessment in order to decide among different fruit treatments or savings in the cost of transport and marketing non-commercial fruit. This work presents a computer vision system, mounted on a mobile platform where workers place the harvested fruits, that was specially designed for sorting fruit in the field. Due to the specific field conditions, an efficient and robust lighting system, very low-power image acquisition and processing hardware, and a reduced inspection chamber had to be developed. The equipment is capable of analysing fruit colour and size at a speed of eight fruits per second. The algorithms developed achieved prediction accuracy with an R2 coefficient of 0.993 for size estimation and an R2 coefficient of 0.918 for the colour index. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Precision Agriculture Springer Journals

Optimised computer vision system for automatic pre-grading of citrus fruit in the field using a mobile platform

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Agriculture; Soil Science & Conservation; Remote Sensing/Photogrammetry; Statistics for Engineering, Physics, Computer Science, Chemistry and Earth Sciences; Atmospheric Sciences
ISSN
1385-2256
eISSN
1573-1618
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11119-013-9324-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The mechanisation and automation of citrus harvesting is considered to be one of the best options to reduce production costs. Computer vision technology has been shown to be a useful tool for fresh fruit and vegetable inspection, and is currently used in post-harvest fruit and vegetable automated grading systems in packing houses. Although computer vision technology has been used in some harvesting robots, it is not commonly utilised in fruit grading during harvesting due to the difficulties involved in adapting it to field conditions. Carrying out fruit inspection before arrival at the packing lines could offer many advantages, such as having an accurate fruit assessment in order to decide among different fruit treatments or savings in the cost of transport and marketing non-commercial fruit. This work presents a computer vision system, mounted on a mobile platform where workers place the harvested fruits, that was specially designed for sorting fruit in the field. Due to the specific field conditions, an efficient and robust lighting system, very low-power image acquisition and processing hardware, and a reduced inspection chamber had to be developed. The equipment is capable of analysing fruit colour and size at a speed of eight fruits per second. The algorithms developed achieved prediction accuracy with an R2 coefficient of 0.993 for size estimation and an R2 coefficient of 0.918 for the colour index.

Journal

Precision AgricultureSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 14, 2013

References

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