Optical measurement of velocity and drag coefficient of droplets accelerated by shock waves

Optical measurement of velocity and drag coefficient of droplets accelerated by shock waves The drag coefficient of micron-sized droplets accelerated by a shock wave has been investigated. The motion of the droplets was studied by an optical measurement system, and an inertial relaxation in the mist flow is discussed in detail. An expansion-shock tube was employed in the present experiment, in which water droplets were produced by a homogeneous condensation when humid nitrogen gas expanded adiabatically in the test section. The local mean diameter and local number density of the droplet cloud were 1.0 μm and on the order of 1012 particles/m3, respectively, as estimated using a light scattering measurement in a preliminary experiment. The droplet cloud accelerated behind a shock wave was observed using a direct shadowgraph method with a spatial filter. Since the intensity of transmitted light through the mist flow is a function of the radius and number density of droplets, we can obtain the locally averaged number density distribution under an adequate approximation. The transmitted light intensity was related to the velocity distribution of droplets under the adequate assumption. So, the acceleration of droplets was estimated from the velocity ratio between the droplets and gas flow. Then, the drag coefficient was calculated for the particle Reynolds number. The experimental result was also compared to a numerical prediction. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Optical measurement of velocity and drag coefficient of droplets accelerated by shock waves

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-004-0907-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The drag coefficient of micron-sized droplets accelerated by a shock wave has been investigated. The motion of the droplets was studied by an optical measurement system, and an inertial relaxation in the mist flow is discussed in detail. An expansion-shock tube was employed in the present experiment, in which water droplets were produced by a homogeneous condensation when humid nitrogen gas expanded adiabatically in the test section. The local mean diameter and local number density of the droplet cloud were 1.0 μm and on the order of 1012 particles/m3, respectively, as estimated using a light scattering measurement in a preliminary experiment. The droplet cloud accelerated behind a shock wave was observed using a direct shadowgraph method with a spatial filter. Since the intensity of transmitted light through the mist flow is a function of the radius and number density of droplets, we can obtain the locally averaged number density distribution under an adequate approximation. The transmitted light intensity was related to the velocity distribution of droplets under the adequate assumption. So, the acceleration of droplets was estimated from the velocity ratio between the droplets and gas flow. Then, the drag coefficient was calculated for the particle Reynolds number. The experimental result was also compared to a numerical prediction.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 18, 2004

References

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