Opposing Effects of Aluminum on Inward-Rectifier Potassium Currents in BeanRoot-Tip Protoplasts

Opposing Effects of Aluminum on Inward-Rectifier Potassium Currents in BeanRoot-Tip Protoplasts Inward currents in root cap protoplasts of the aluminum-tolerant cultivar, Dade, of Phaseolus vulgaris L. were investigated using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. The properties of these currents were similar to those seen in inward rectifying K+ channels in other plant tissues. Replacing bath K+ with Na+ nearly abolished the observed currents. Higher bath K+ concentrations increased inward currents. AlCl3 in pH 4.7 bath solutions caused inward K+ currents to activate more rapidly and at more positive voltages when compared with AlCl3 free solutions. In 10 μM AlCl3 the activated inward K+ currents were significantly larger than in the AlCl3-free solution at all voltages except at the most negative voltage of −174 mV and the least negative of −74 mV. In contrast, in 80 μM Al3+, when hyperpolarizing voltages were most negative, the inward K+ currents were inhibited relative to the currents in 10 μM AlCl3. Enhancement of inward K+ currents by AlCl3 is consistent with Al3+ binding to the external surface of the root cap protoplast, decreasing the surface charge, thus causing the channels to sense a more negative membrane potential. Inhibition of inward K+ currents with higher AlCl3 concentrations and more negative voltages is consistent with Al3+ block of K+ channels. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Opposing Effects of Aluminum on Inward-Rectifier Potassium Currents in BeanRoot-Tip Protoplasts

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/opposing-effects-of-aluminum-on-inward-rectifier-potassium-currents-in-BA8diRi0FW
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2004 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-004-0658-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial