Opportunistic Invasive Mycoses in AIDS: Cryptococcosis, Histoplasmosis, Coccidiodomycosis, and Talaromycosis

Opportunistic Invasive Mycoses in AIDS: Cryptococcosis, Histoplasmosis, Coccidiodomycosis, and... Purpose of Review The goal of this review is to provide an opportunistic invasive fungal infections in individuals with update on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of op- HIV/AIDS through different interventions: (a) continue to ex- portunistic fungal infections in patients with human immuno- pand the deployment of ART to the most affected populations deficiency virus (HIV) infection including Cryptococcus to achieve viral suppression; (b) ensure early diagnosis of spp., Histoplasma spp., Coccidioides spp., and Talaromyces fungal pathogen with point-of-care testing; (c) improve fungal marneffei,formerly Penicillium marneffei. diagnostic capacity in areas with the highest burden of AIDS- Recent Findings In many settings, despite increasing roll out related mycoses; and (d) increased availability of existing an- of antiretroviral therapy (ART), opportunistic invasive myco- tifungal drugs to optimally treat these infections. ses produce a substantial burden of disease. The prevalence of . . . specific fungal pathogens depends on their endemicity. Viral Keywords HIV/AIDS Cryptococcosis Histoplasmosis . . . suppression achieved by greater access to ART and increased Coccidioidomycosis Talaromycosis Penicilliosis the availability of point-of-care testing with rapid diagnostic AIDS-related mycoses tests (RDTs) aid to curtail the associated fungi morbidity. RDTs allow earlier screening to preemptively initiate treat- ment of opportunistic http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Infectious Disease Reports Springer Journals

Opportunistic Invasive Mycoses in AIDS: Cryptococcosis, Histoplasmosis, Coccidiodomycosis, and Talaromycosis

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
1523-3847
eISSN
1534-3146
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11908-017-0592-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review The goal of this review is to provide an opportunistic invasive fungal infections in individuals with update on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of op- HIV/AIDS through different interventions: (a) continue to ex- portunistic fungal infections in patients with human immuno- pand the deployment of ART to the most affected populations deficiency virus (HIV) infection including Cryptococcus to achieve viral suppression; (b) ensure early diagnosis of spp., Histoplasma spp., Coccidioides spp., and Talaromyces fungal pathogen with point-of-care testing; (c) improve fungal marneffei,formerly Penicillium marneffei. diagnostic capacity in areas with the highest burden of AIDS- Recent Findings In many settings, despite increasing roll out related mycoses; and (d) increased availability of existing an- of antiretroviral therapy (ART), opportunistic invasive myco- tifungal drugs to optimally treat these infections. ses produce a substantial burden of disease. The prevalence of . . . specific fungal pathogens depends on their endemicity. Viral Keywords HIV/AIDS Cryptococcosis Histoplasmosis . . . suppression achieved by greater access to ART and increased Coccidioidomycosis Talaromycosis Penicilliosis the availability of point-of-care testing with rapid diagnostic AIDS-related mycoses tests (RDTs) aid to curtail the associated fungi morbidity. RDTs allow earlier screening to preemptively initiate treat- ment of opportunistic

Journal

Current Infectious Disease ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 22, 2017

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