Opine biosynthesis and catabolism genes of Agrobacterium tumefaciens and Agrobacterium rhizogenes

Opine biosynthesis and catabolism genes of Agrobacterium tumefaciens and Agrobacterium rhizogenes Agrobacterium is a genus of soil bacteria with the ability to transform plant cells by a T-DNA-sequence located on the pTi/pRi-plasmid containing a set of genes expressed in plant cells. Expression of these genes leads to a proliferation of transformed cells, with the subsequent formation of tumors or growths of roots and the synthesis of opines—products of the condensation of amino acids with ketoacids or sugars used by agrobacteria as a source of carbon and nitrogen. In this review, we systematized the information about most common opines in plant-Agrobacterium systems and their biosynthesis and catabolism genes, as well as the role of opines in the interaction of pathogenic Agrobacterium with plants and with other Agrobacterium strains, including the genetic consequences of such interactions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Opine biosynthesis and catabolism genes of Agrobacterium tumefaciens and Agrobacterium rhizogenes

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Pleiades Publishing, Inc.
Subject
Biomedicine; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Microbial Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1022-7954
eISSN
1608-3369
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1022795415020167
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Agrobacterium is a genus of soil bacteria with the ability to transform plant cells by a T-DNA-sequence located on the pTi/pRi-plasmid containing a set of genes expressed in plant cells. Expression of these genes leads to a proliferation of transformed cells, with the subsequent formation of tumors or growths of roots and the synthesis of opines—products of the condensation of amino acids with ketoacids or sugars used by agrobacteria as a source of carbon and nitrogen. In this review, we systematized the information about most common opines in plant-Agrobacterium systems and their biosynthesis and catabolism genes, as well as the role of opines in the interaction of pathogenic Agrobacterium with plants and with other Agrobacterium strains, including the genetic consequences of such interactions.

Journal

Russian Journal of GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 6, 2015

References

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