After changing the primary sex characteristics, voice raising should be included in the concept of male-to-female sex transformation. Hormonal treatment is not able to raise the pitch, and speech therapy alone cannot, as a rule, guarantee lasting success. Since 1993, a modified cricothyroidopexy via miniplates, using Isshiki's technique, has been performed at the Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) Department of the Martin-Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg. This procedure is based upon an approximation of the cricoid and thyroid cartilages, resulting in an increase in vocal cord tension. Combined with chondrolaryngoplasty, it allows a reduction of the laryngeal prominence. So far, 59 patients have undergone this surgical intervention. Laryngoscopy and detailed voice studies, in addition to ultrasonic computer tomographic examinations of the larynx are performed pre- and postoperatively in order to record the anatomical, physiological, and functional data. So far, good functional results have been achieved, showing an average rise in the fundamental frequency by approximately five semitones.
European Journal of Plastic Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 30, 2002
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera