Aim To evaluate operative and prognostic parameters associated with elective versus emergency surgery in a retrospective cohort of elderly patients. Methods A total of 533 geriatric patients (aged ≥ 65 years, median age: 73.0 years, 50.7% were females) who underwent either elective surgery (n = 285) or emergency surgery (n = 248) were included in this study. Data on patient demographics, co-morbid disorders, type of surgery and anesthesia, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status (PS) classification, length of hospital stay, length of ICU stay, hospitalization outcome, prognosis (survivor, non-survivor) were obtained from medical records. Results Emergency surgery group was associated with higher prevalence of ASA-PS III (48.8 vs. 25.6%, p < 0.001) and ASA-PS IV (19.0 vs. 0.4%, p < 0.001) categories and higher mortality rates (20.6 vs. 4.9% vs. p < 0.001) when compared to the elective surgery group. ASA-PS IV category was associated with oldest patient age (median 82.0 vs. 71.0 years for ASA-PS I and II, p < 0.001 for each and versus 75.0 years for ASA-PS III, p < 0.05) and highest mortality rate (35.4 vs. 3.4% for ASA-PS I, 6.0% for ASA-PS II and 16.5% for ASA-PS III, p < 0.001) as compared with other
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
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