Opening of Cardiac Sarcolemmal KATP Channels by Dinitrophenol Separate from Metabolic Inhibition

Opening of Cardiac Sarcolemmal KATP Channels by Dinitrophenol Separate from Metabolic Inhibition Opening of ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels by the uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation, 2,4 dinitrophenol (DNP), has been assumed to be secondary to metabolic inhibition and reduced intracellular ATP levels. Herein, we present data which show that DNP (200 μm) can induce opening of cardiac KATP channels, under whole-cell and inside-out conditions, despite millimolar concentrations of ATP (1–2.5 mm). DNP-induced currents had a single channel conductance (71 pS), inward rectification, reversal potential, and intraburst kinetic properties (open time constant, τopen: 4.8 msec; fast closed time constant, τclosed(f): 0.33 msec) characteristic of KATP channels suggesting that DNP did not affect the pore region of the channel, but may have altered the functional coupling of the ATP-dependent channel gating. A DNP analogue, with the pH-titrable hydroxyl replaced by a methyl group, could not open KATP channels. The pH-dependence of the effect of DNP on channel opening under whole-cell, cell-attached, and inside-out conditions suggested that transfer of protonated DNP across the sarcolemma is essential for activation of KATP channels in the presence of ATP. We conclude that the use of DNP for metabolic stress-induced KATP channel opening should be reevaluated. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Opening of Cardiac Sarcolemmal KATP Channels by Dinitrophenol Separate from Metabolic Inhibition

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/opening-of-cardiac-sarcolemmal-katp-channels-by-dinitrophenol-separate-Iw6TasF9cs
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1997 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900229
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Opening of ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels by the uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation, 2,4 dinitrophenol (DNP), has been assumed to be secondary to metabolic inhibition and reduced intracellular ATP levels. Herein, we present data which show that DNP (200 μm) can induce opening of cardiac KATP channels, under whole-cell and inside-out conditions, despite millimolar concentrations of ATP (1–2.5 mm). DNP-induced currents had a single channel conductance (71 pS), inward rectification, reversal potential, and intraburst kinetic properties (open time constant, τopen: 4.8 msec; fast closed time constant, τclosed(f): 0.33 msec) characteristic of KATP channels suggesting that DNP did not affect the pore region of the channel, but may have altered the functional coupling of the ATP-dependent channel gating. A DNP analogue, with the pH-titrable hydroxyl replaced by a methyl group, could not open KATP channels. The pH-dependence of the effect of DNP on channel opening under whole-cell, cell-attached, and inside-out conditions suggested that transfer of protonated DNP across the sarcolemma is essential for activation of KATP channels in the presence of ATP. We conclude that the use of DNP for metabolic stress-induced KATP channel opening should be reevaluated.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 15, 1997

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off