One-pot preparation of surface-functionalized barium titanate nanoparticles for high-K polystyrene composite films prepared via floating method

One-pot preparation of surface-functionalized barium titanate nanoparticles for high-K... An advanced and inexpensive one-pot method to prepare polystyrene (PS)–barium titanate (BT) films by solution mixing is reported. The process was developed to obtain free-standing films with an increased dielectric constant (ε′). Since PS is soluble in apolar solvents, BT nanoparticles (BT-NPs) were surface-modified with palmitic acid (PAc) and embedded within the polymer matrix without affecting homogeneity and smoothness of the composite. The films were prepared by floating method consisting in dropping BT-NPs dispersed in PS/toluene solution on the water surface. After the evaporation of toluene, smooth, free-standing and thermally stable films were obtained with a markedly higher ε′ compared to the neat PS. PAc modification improved the dispersion of BT-NPs in the apolar phase and prevented their diffusion into the aqueous phase during the toluene evaporation. The proposed film-forming technique makes it possible to modulate the thickness and shape of the films by selecting the quantity and concentration of the organic phase and using various templates, thus opening up a broad range of applications. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Materials Science Springer Journals

One-pot preparation of surface-functionalized barium titanate nanoparticles for high-K polystyrene composite films prepared via floating method

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Materials Science; Materials Science, general; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Polymer Sciences; Continuum Mechanics and Mechanics of Materials; Crystallography and Scattering Methods; Classical Mechanics
ISSN
0022-2461
eISSN
1573-4803
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10853-018-2457-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

An advanced and inexpensive one-pot method to prepare polystyrene (PS)–barium titanate (BT) films by solution mixing is reported. The process was developed to obtain free-standing films with an increased dielectric constant (ε′). Since PS is soluble in apolar solvents, BT nanoparticles (BT-NPs) were surface-modified with palmitic acid (PAc) and embedded within the polymer matrix without affecting homogeneity and smoothness of the composite. The films were prepared by floating method consisting in dropping BT-NPs dispersed in PS/toluene solution on the water surface. After the evaporation of toluene, smooth, free-standing and thermally stable films were obtained with a markedly higher ε′ compared to the neat PS. PAc modification improved the dispersion of BT-NPs in the apolar phase and prevented their diffusion into the aqueous phase during the toluene evaporation. The proposed film-forming technique makes it possible to modulate the thickness and shape of the films by selecting the quantity and concentration of the organic phase and using various templates, thus opening up a broad range of applications.

Journal

Journal of Materials ScienceSpringer Journals

Published: May 21, 2018

References

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