This paper presents a generalization of the description of the displacement-correlation peak in particle image velocimetry (PIV) to include the effects due to local velocity gradients at the scale of the interrogation domain. A general expression is derived that describes the amplitude, location and width of the displacement-correlation peak in the presence of local velocity gradients. Simplified expressions are obtained for the peak centroid and peak width for simple non-uniform motions. The results confirm that local gradients can be ignored provided that the variation of the displacement within the interrogation domain does not exceed the (mean) particle-image diameter. An additional bias occurs for a spatially accelerating or decelerating fluid, which implies an artificial "particle inertia" even when the particles can be considered as ideal tracers.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 29, 2007
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