The shedding process in the near wake of a surface-mounted, square cross-section cylinder of height-to-width aspect ratio 4 at a Reynolds number of 12,000 based on free-stream velocity and the obstacle width was investigated. The boundary layer thickness was 0.18 obstacle heights based on 99% free-stream velocity. The study is performed using planar high frame-rate particle image velocimetry synchronized with pressure measurements and hot-wire anemometry. Spatial cross-correlation, instantaneous phase relationships, and phase-averaged velocity data are reported. Two dominant vortex-shedding regimes are observed. During intervals of high-amplitude pressure fluctuations on the obstacle side faces, alternate formation and shedding of vortices is observed (regime A) similar to the von Kármán process. Regime B is characterized by two co-existing vortices in the obstacle lee throughout the shedding cycle and is observed within low-amplitude pressure fluctuation intervals. Despite the coexisting vortices in the base region, opposite sign vorticity is still shed out-of-phase downstream of this vortex pair giving rise to a staggered arrangement of counter-rotating vortices downstream. While the probability of occurrence of Regime B increases toward the free end, the amplitude modulation remains coherent along the obstacle height. Conditionally phase-averaged reconstructions of the flow field are consistent with the spatial distribution of the phase relationships and their probability density function. Earlier observations are reconciled showing that the symmetric shedding of vortices is a rare occurrence.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 14, 2011
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