Synopses construction algorithms have been found to be of interest in query optimization, approximate query answering and mining, and over the last few years several good synopsis construction algorithms have been proposed. These algorithms have mostly focused on the running time of the synopsis construction vis-a-vis the synopsis quality. However the space complexity of synopsis construction algorithms has not been investigated as thoroughly. Many of the optimum synopsis construction algorithms are expensive in space. For some of these algorithms the space required to construct the synopsis is significantly larger than the space required to store the input. These algorithms rely on the fact that they require a smaller “working space” and most of the data can be resident on disc. The large space complexity of synopsis construction algorithms is a handicap in several scenarios. In the case of streaming algorithms, space is a fundamental constraint. In case of offline optimal or approximate algorithms, a better space complexity often makes these algorithms much more attractive by allowing them to run in main memory and not use disc, or alternately allows us to scale to significantly larger problems without running out of space. In this paper, we propose a simple and general technique that reduces space complexity of synopsis construction algorithms. As a consequence we show that the notion of “working space” proposed in these contexts is redundant. This technique can be easily applied to many existing algorithms for synopsis construction problems. We demonstrate the performance benefits of our proposal through experiments on real-life and synthetic data. We believe that our algorithm also generalizes to a broader range of dynamic programs beyond synopsis construction.
The VLDB Journal – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 1, 2008
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