We assess the contribution of accounting and market-driven information to the prediction of bankruptcy for UK and Indian firms to investigate whether the variables that predict financial distress well for US firms predict financial distress in another developed market and in an emerging market. For the UK we find a hazard model that combines book leverage and three equity market-based variables describes best the probability of corporate financial distress in UK and outperforms several competing models that include Z-score or its accounting ratio components, the expected default frequency (EDF), a model that combines Z-score and EDF and a model that uses three equity market predictors. However, we find that this model does not perform well in India as market information fails to predict bankruptcy. A model with two accounting ratios best estimates the probability of corporate financial distress in India. In-sample and out-of-sample forecasts confirm our core findings for both UK and Indian firms.
Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 18, 2015
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