Hybridogenesis as a possible way of speciation in Chironomidae was considered with special reference to the species Chironomus usenicus resulting from hybridization between C. plumosus and C. behningi. The three species had 2n = 8 and belonged to the thummi cytocomplex with chromosome arm combinations AB, CD, EF, and G. Arm G had a marker chromosome disk sequence (CDS) and was used to demonstrate the hybrid origin of C. usenicus. Most C. usenicus larvae were heterozygous in CDS of arm G. CDS use G2 proved to be identical to CDS beh G1 ofC. behningiand CDS use G1, to CDS plu G1 of C. plumosus. It was assumed that C. usenicus results from hybridization between eurybiont C. plumosus and stenobiont C. behnigni at the boundary of their species areas, in freshwater or brackish water bodies of the southern Saratov oblast and northern Kazakhstan. Morphologically and karyotypically, the hybrid was probably similar to C. plumosus. Crosses with C. plumosus eliminated virtually all C. behningi chromosome sequences from the karyotype of the hybrid. Further chromosome divergence resulting in C. usenicus involved a number of chromosome rearrangements, including duplication of pericentric heterochromatin and other chromosome regions; inversion, which occurred in arm F (regions 13–16) and was fixed in the karyotype; and other paracentric inversions and deletions accumulated in heterozygote in the karyotype pool of the species. Since C. behningi was eliminated from the introgression zone and its species area reduced, the assimilation character was assumed for introgressive hybridization of C. behningi and C. plumosus.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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