A multi-wavelength copy interconnect is a switching network capable of replicating a signal arriving at the input on a specific wavelength to one or more outputs possibly on different wavelengths. Such an interconnect can be useful in building optical multicast switches for wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) networks. In this article, we investigate, for the first time, the problem of designing copy networks that can simultaneously multicast input signals to a set of outputs while changing the wavelength of the replica according to the required routing pattern. We propose a novel multi-wavelength crossbar (MWX) switch that can switch an input signal on a specific wavelength to two different output wavelengths. The proposed MWX is used as a building block to construct two classes of multi-log2N copy networks, namely, baseline and Beneš interconnects. The design space of the proposed interconnect classes is characterized and their hardware complexity is analyzed. We show that the proposed interconnects are transparent to existing multicast routing algorithms, and present simple routing algorithms for routing of multicast requests over the proposed designs. Comparisons with existing designs confirm that the proposed interconnects require a smaller number of space switches and wavelength conversion processes as compared to most conventional copy networks. In particular, for a large number of wavelengths and for any number of fibers the proposed design requires 50% less switching elements as compared to best available designs.
Photonic Network Communications – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 27, 2009
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