On the convergence of the extremal eigenvalues of empirical covariance matrices with dependence

On the convergence of the extremal eigenvalues of empirical covariance matrices with dependence Consider a sample of a centered random vector with unit covariance matrix. We show that under certain regularity assumptions, and up to a natural scaling, the smallest and the largest eigenvalues of the empirical covariance matrix converge, when the dimension and the sample size both tend to infinity, to the left and right edges of the Marchenko–Pastur distribution. The assumptions are related to tails of norms of orthogonal projections. They cover isotropic log-concave random vectors as well as random vectors with i.i.d. coordinates with almost optimal moment conditions. The method is a refinement of the rank one update approach used by Srivastava and Vershynin to produce non-asymptotic quantitative estimates. In other words we provide a new proof of the Bai and Yin theorem using basic tools from probability theory and linear algebra, together with a new extension of this theorem to random matrices with dependent entries. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Probability Theory and Related Fields Springer Journals

On the convergence of the extremal eigenvalues of empirical covariance matrices with dependence

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Mathematics; Probability Theory and Stochastic Processes; Theoretical, Mathematical and Computational Physics; Quantitative Finance; Mathematical and Computational Biology; Statistics for Business/Economics/Mathematical Finance/Insurance; Operations Research/Decision Theory
ISSN
0178-8051
eISSN
1432-2064
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00440-017-0778-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Consider a sample of a centered random vector with unit covariance matrix. We show that under certain regularity assumptions, and up to a natural scaling, the smallest and the largest eigenvalues of the empirical covariance matrix converge, when the dimension and the sample size both tend to infinity, to the left and right edges of the Marchenko–Pastur distribution. The assumptions are related to tails of norms of orthogonal projections. They cover isotropic log-concave random vectors as well as random vectors with i.i.d. coordinates with almost optimal moment conditions. The method is a refinement of the rank one update approach used by Srivastava and Vershynin to produce non-asymptotic quantitative estimates. In other words we provide a new proof of the Bai and Yin theorem using basic tools from probability theory and linear algebra, together with a new extension of this theorem to random matrices with dependent entries.

Journal

Probability Theory and Related FieldsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 26, 2017

References

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