ISSN 1063-0740, Russian Journal of Marine Biology, 2007, Vol. 33, No. 4, pp. 271–271. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2007. Original Russian Text © A.Yu. Ryss, 2007, published in Biologiya Morya. BOOK REVIEWS On the Book “Biologiya morskikh nematod” (Biology of Marine Nematodes) by A.V. Chesunov (Moscow, Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdanii KMK, 2006, 367 pp.) A. Yu. Ryss Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St.-Petersburg, Russia DOI: 10.1134/S1063074007040116 This book is a review devoted to marine free-living matodes and substantiates, in each case, their logical struc- nematodes. The language of the book would be understood ture and correspondence to particular feeding strategies. by both professional nematode experts and also by persons Chapters 6 and 7 deal with demography and energetics with just a basic biological education. In this regard, the and also discuss the spatial distribution of nematodes. book is of great interest, as it can be used as a textbook, as Chapters 8–10 summarize information about the relation- an introduction to nematology. The book is comprehen- ships of nematodes with other organisms, macrophytic sively illustrated and could be used as a reference book for plants (Chapter 8), and microorganisms, including sym- scientists on allied subjects, it can also be a necessary ref- bionts and parasitic protozoans and prokaryotes (Chap- erence for designers of new technologies who are looking ter 9), and ﬁshes and invertebrates (Chapter 10). Chapter 11 for test organisms, as well as those developing programs discusses the large-scale distribution of nematodes in the for biosphere conservation. The monograph summarizes World Ocean; the data on biogeography are supplemented data on morphological structure, classiﬁcation, spatial dis- with comprehensive information on the mode of life of tribution and biogeography, behavior and physiology, and nematodes of brackish-water basins and estuaries. Chap- biotic relationships of nematodes, as well as the possibili- ter 12, “Marginal Biotopes in a Marine Environment,” dis- ties for using nematodes as indicators of pollution. cusses in detail adaptations of nematodes to life in Arctic ice and a hydrosulfuric environment, which is important The book contains 13 chapters. Chapter 1, “The for Russia, where the bulk of the coastline consists of Arc- Structure of Marine Nematodes,” provides a detailed tic seas and whose territory includes the large water area review of up-to-date information on the morphology of of the Black Sea. The peculiarities of the origin of faunas round worms. At the end of the chapter there is an inter- in these marginal biotopes are discussed using several spe- esting section about regeneration in the nematodes. cies as examples. Chapter 13, “Nematodes in a Polluted A particular feature of the book that is revealed in this Sea,” presents a separate manual for usage of nematodes and the following chapters is that the author tries to pro- as test organisms to evaluate environmental pollution and vide different points of view for the subject (for exam- discusses in detail the technique of analysis of marine ple, in describing the nomenclature of the regions of the biotopes for pollution by heavy metals, hydrocarbons, and stoma, the author provides the viewpoints of both Inglis organic substances. and De Lay), each viewpoint is argued in detail; how- There is one minor drawback, as different terms ever, the readers still remain free to make their own were used during the discussion of the pharynx. choice. In Chapter 2, “Classiﬁcation and Diversity,” In some paragraphs, and also in the captions for several after a review of different systems of the phylum Nema- illustrations, it is called the “esophagus,” following old toda and explanation of the logical constructions of terminology. It would be desirable to have an index at their particular creators, the author provides a ﬁnal ver- the end of the book, although its absence is more or less sion, which is close to the system of De Lay and Blaxter balanced by the very detailed contents. (2002). The author presents illustrated descriptions of different families that combine morphological and The monograph was supported by the Russian Foun- biotopical data. They can be used like an annotated atlas dation for Basic Research and was beautifully published for easy identiﬁcation of marine nematodes. There are no by Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdanii KMK. keys or formal diagnoses, as they would overburden the Most illustrations are original. The designations on the text with terms and make understanding the information illustrations are provided in two languages, English and more complicated, especially for young scientists. Latin, which helps foreign readers to understand the infor- The next chapters deal with behavior (Chapter 3), feed- mation. The book could be recommended with conﬁdence ing (Chapter 4), and reproduction and development for complete translation into English. It would be very (including embryogenesis) (Chapter 5). The author also useful for biologists, marine zoologists, teachers, and presents different classiﬁcations of trophic groups in ne- students.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 6, 2007
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