On the accuracy of simultaneously measuring velocity component statistics in turbulent wall flows with arrays of three or four hot-wire sensors

On the accuracy of simultaneously measuring velocity component statistics in turbulent wall flows... A highly resolved turbulent channel flow direct numerical simulation (DNS) with Re τ = 200 has been used to investigate the ability of probes made up of arrays of three or four hot-wire sensors to simultaneously and accurately measure statistics of all three velocity components in turbulent wall flows. Various virtual sensor arrangements have been tested in order to study the effects of position, number of sensors and spatial resolution on the measurements. First, the effective cooling velocity was determined for each sensor of an idealized probe, where the influence of the velocity component tangential to the sensors and flow blockage by the presence of the probe are neglected. Then, simulating the response of the virtual probes to obtain the effective velocities cooling the sensors, velocity component statistics have been calculated neglecting the velocity gradients over the probe sensing area. A strong influence of both mean and fluctuation velocity gradients on measurement accuracy was found. A new three-sensor array configuration designed to minimize the influence of the velocity gradients is proposed, and its accuracy is compared to two-sensor X- and V-array configurations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

On the accuracy of simultaneously measuring velocity component statistics in turbulent wall flows with arrays of three or four hot-wire sensors

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00348-011-1166-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A highly resolved turbulent channel flow direct numerical simulation (DNS) with Re τ = 200 has been used to investigate the ability of probes made up of arrays of three or four hot-wire sensors to simultaneously and accurately measure statistics of all three velocity components in turbulent wall flows. Various virtual sensor arrangements have been tested in order to study the effects of position, number of sensors and spatial resolution on the measurements. First, the effective cooling velocity was determined for each sensor of an idealized probe, where the influence of the velocity component tangential to the sensors and flow blockage by the presence of the probe are neglected. Then, simulating the response of the virtual probes to obtain the effective velocities cooling the sensors, velocity component statistics have been calculated neglecting the velocity gradients over the probe sensing area. A strong influence of both mean and fluctuation velocity gradients on measurement accuracy was found. A new three-sensor array configuration designed to minimize the influence of the velocity gradients is proposed, and its accuracy is compared to two-sensor X- and V-array configurations.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 21, 2011

References

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