This paper deals with the methodologies to obtain the estimates of optical-layer power consumption and cost for long-haul optical networks using wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) with IP-over-WDM and IP-over-MPLS-over-WDM network settings. Such optical networks generally employ wavelength routing at intermediate nodes and are known as wavelength-routed optical networks (WRONs). In WRON-based long-haul networks, optical reach (OR) of a transponder represents the maximum distance over which its optical signal can travel without any optical/electrical/optical regeneration and plays a significant role in deciding the power consumption and cost of the optical layer. In IP-over-WDM network setting, IP routers are directly interfaced with WRON and bandwidth requests are equal to the lightpath capacity. In IP-over-MPLS-over-WDM network setting, IP routers are interfaced with WRON via MPLS routers and bandwidth requests arrive as label-switched paths, which are generally lower than the lightpath capacity. We examine the above networks with mixed-OR nodes (transponders in each WRON node having different OR values but all transmitting at 10 Gbps) and fixed-OR nodes (transponders in each WRON node having same OR value and 10 Gbps transmission rate). In this investigation, two types of control planes are considered, namely unified control plane and isolated control plane. The network with unified control plane supports automated and dynamic resource provisioning for both short-term and long-term bandwidth requests. The study on nonautomated network using isolated control plane considers resource provisioning only for long-term bandwidth requests. Simulation-based network provisioning is carried out using C++, considering appropriate traffic models, OR constraints, node configurations and network architectures. The results of our simulations indicate in general how OR of the transponders can influence the total network cost and power consumption in optical layer. Overall, the nonautomated networks with mixed-OR configuration are found to save power and offer lower cost with respect to fixed-OR configuration, while the automated networks with mixed-OR configuration can save power while the cost increases with respect to fixed-OR option.
Photonic Network Communications – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 26, 2014
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera