The effect of nitrosylmethylurea (NMU) on the mitotic index and the frequency of cells with aberrations, as well as the effects of pre- and posttreatment with antioxidant ambiol on the NMU effects were studied on seedlings of common winter wheat Triticum aestivum, cultivar Moskovskaya 39. Both pre- and posttreatment with ambiol resulted in antimutagenic effect but after posttreatment, the effect was lower. Irrespective of type of seedling treatment with ambiol and the time of their fixation (45, 48, and 51 h), when mitotic index is plotted versus frequency of cells with aberrations, all experimental points fall on the same regression line with coefficient of correlation of −0.82 (P < 0.001). This implies that the same mechanism underlies antimutagenic effect irrespective of when the antimutagen was applied, before or after the knockout mutagen dose. This also suggests that the antimutagenic effect is independent of the degree of the mutagen-induced damage, because by the time of posttreatment, the volume of genome damage is already determined and the antimutagen fails to change it. Finally, this suggests that irrespective of time of antimutagen treatment, the mutation frequency is reduced by the mechanism of stimulated repopulation.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 22, 2005
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