Excessive accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during oxidative stress accelerates the skin aging process. ROS stimulate inflammatory processes in the skin, leading to activation of matrix metalloprotease-1 (MMP-1). Silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1) controls a broad range of cellular functions including the expression of MMP-1. Omega-7 fatty acids such as palmitoleic acid have many beneficial effects on health, including improvement in cardiovascular risk factors and increased insulin sensitivity. However, the effectiveness of omega-7 fatty acids (herein referred to as omega-7) related to skin aging, characterized by the degradation of collagen and loss of elasticity, remains unclear. We here investigated the effects of palmitoleic acid, a representative omega-7, on collagen regeneration through its ability to activate SIRT1 and inhibit MMP-1 in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative stress in human HaCaT cells. SIRT1 activation by omega-7 decreased signaling levels of nuclear transcription factor kappa B (NF-κB) and inflammatory cytokines. However, inhibition of SIRT1 by sirtinol counteracted the advantage effects of omega-7 in H2O2-treated HaCaT cells. In addition, omega-7 significantly counteracted the decrease in collagen abundance and loss of elasticity induced by H2O2. Consistent with this observation, omega-7 significantly decreased H2O2-induced upregulation of MMP-1 in HaCaT cells. Together, these studies suggest the potential efficacy of SIRT1 in collagen regeneration and indicate that omega-7 is a possible functional food to improve skin health for the prevention of aging.
Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2018
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