Oligonucleotides derived from the packaging signal at the 5′ end of the viral PB2 segment specifically inhibit influenza virus in vitro

Oligonucleotides derived from the packaging signal at the 5′ end of the viral PB2 segment... The development of new antiviral molecules to fight the possible emergence of influenza viruses with pandemic potential is needed. In this study, phosphorothioate oligonucleotides (S-ONs) derived from the packaging signals in the 3′ and 5′ ends of the viral PB2 RNA were associated with liposomes and tested against influenza virus in vitro. A 15-mer S-ON derived from the 5′ end of the viral PB2 RNA, complementary to the 3′ end of its coding region (nucleotides 2279–2293) and designated 5-15b, proved markedly inhibitory. The antiviral activity of 5-15b was dose- and time-dependent but was independent of the cell substrate and multiplicity of infection used. Importantly, inhibition of influenza A and B viruses required S-ONs reproducing the respective packaging signals. Furthermore, 5-15b and its antisense derivative S-ON activity did not affect intracellular accumulation of viral RNA. Confocal microscopy showed that 5-15b is clearly nucleophilic. These findings indicate that the packaging signal at the 5′ end of the PB2 RNA is an interesting target for the design of new anti-influenza-virus compounds. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Oligonucleotides derived from the packaging signal at the 5′ end of the viral PB2 segment specifically inhibit influenza virus in vitro

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Publisher
Springer Vienna
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-009-0380-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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