The behaviour of 1-(2-bromoethyl) 4-nitrobenzene (1), N,N,N-triethyl-2-(4-nitrophenyl)ethanaminium bromide (2) and N,N-diethyl-N-[2-(4-nitrophenyl)ethyl]octan-1-aminium bromide (3) in the OH−-induced elimination reactions with formation of 1-nitro-4-vinylbenzene in mixtures of DMSO/H2O or CH3CN/H2O has been investigated. With all three substrates an increase in dipolar aprotic solvent content implies a limited increase of the second-order rate constant k OH up to ≅605, and then an exponential increase is observed. The variation of activation parameters ΔH # and dGS #, measured in DMSO/H2O mixtures, is parallel for 1 and 2. This similar behaviour of 1 and 2 with respect to variation in solvent composition is evidence that it is not possible to use this technique of solvent effect for the mechanistic diagnosis of elimination reactions.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2006
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