Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment [saj] pp1085-sebu-478693 April 6, 2004 19:7 Style ﬁle version Nov 28th, 2002
Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, Vol. 16, No. 2, April 2004 (
Offender and Victim Characteristics of Registered
Female Sexual Offenders in Texas: A Proposed
Typology of Female Sexual Offenders
Donna M. Vandiver
and Glen Kercher
Victim and offender characteristic of all registered adult female sexual offenders
in Texas (N = 471) were examined. The most common offenses the females were
arrested for were indecency with a child—sexual contact, sexual assault on a
child, and aggravated sexual assault on a child. The majority (88%) of the females
were Caucasian and the ages ranged from 18 to 77 (M = 32). The results of
Hierarchical Loglinear Modeling yielded a complex relationship between offender
and victim characteristics; thus, identiﬁcation of preferred victims is mitigated by
more than one variable. Additionally, the employment of cluster analysis yielded 6
types of female sexual offenders. The most common group includes 146 offenders,
heterosexual nurturers. They were the least likely to have an arrest for a sexual
assault. The victims were males who averaged 12 years of age. The other types of
offenders included, noncriminal homosexual offenders, female sexual predators,
young adult child exploiters, homosexual criminals, and aggressive homosexual
KEY WORDS: female sexual offenders; offender typology; cluster analysis; hierarchical loglinear
Female sexual offenders often go undetected by law enforcement agencies
and are overlooked in the sexual offender literature; this has delayed progress
An earlier version of this paper was presented at the 21st Annual Conferences of the Association for
the Treatment of Sexual Abusers in Toronto, Canada.
Department of Criminal Justice Sciences, Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois.
College of Criminal Justice, Sam Houston State University, Huntsville, Texas.
To whom correspondence should be addressed at Department of Criminal Justice Sciences, Illinois
State University, Turner, Ofﬁce 156D, Normal, Illinois 61790; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
2004 Plenum Publishing Corporation